Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) for new moms and babies, is a universally available and biologically sound method of skin-to-skin care for all newborns, but in particular, for premature babies, involving three main components:
• Skin-to-skin contact
• Exclusive breastfeeding
• Support to the mother-infant unit
Skin-to-skin contact is the baby’s front and the mother’s chest. The more skin-to-skin contact, the better continuous day and night is best, but shorter periods are still helpful. The practice should ideally start at birth.
Exclusive breastfeeding means that for an average mother, expressing from the breasts or direct suckling by the baby is all that is needed. For very premature babies, a supply of some essential nutrients may be required.
Support to the mother-infant unit means that whatever is needed for the medical, emotional, psychological, and physical well-being of mother and baby is provided to them, without separating them.